Jessy Bailly

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PhD in political science

Institute for European Studies of the ULB

Avenue F.D. Roosevelt, 39. CP 172, 1050 Brussels


Holds a PhD in political science. Undertakes research on EU citizen participation policy, from the genesis of the idea of European citizen participation (1980s) from onwards, the actors who have been promoted it &  the power struggles behind several tools of citizen participation.

PhD dissertation on the the role of citizen-monitors of public debt (France, Spain, Belgium, 2010s), granted by Sciences Po Aix/Aix-Marseille Université (France) & the Université Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium), in June 2022.



From October 2018 to June 22 : PhD in political science - CEVIPOL (Université Libre de Bruxelles) / MESOPOLHIS (Sciences Po Aix/Aix-Marseille Université), under the supervision of Prof. François Foret & Philippe Aldrin, on : "Citizen-monitoring on public debt in France, Spain, Belgium (2010s)"

Master 2 Comparative Politics – Sciences Po Aix –Aix-en-Provence – 2017/2018

Master 1 Comparative Politics – Sciences Po Aix –Aix-en-Provence – 2016/2017

Sciences Po Aix – Aix-en-Provence - 2013/2018

Domaines d'intérêt
  • Political sociology
  • Social movements, protesters and collective action
  • Sociology of law
  • Democratic theories and conceptions
  • European institutions and democratic reforms
  • Qualitative methods and multivariate analysis
Présentation des enseignements


Assistant Associate Professor - Sciences Po Aix (full-time)

- Introduction to Political Science, 2nd year of Bachelor's degree (1 group; 32h).

- Governing and contesting, 2nd year of Bachelor's degree (2 groups, 60h)

- Specialisation Seminar on the European Union (30h), Master in European Politics.

- Comparative politics, 2nd year of Bachelor's degree (200 students; 20h)

- Press review on European and Euro-Mediterranean issues (30h), Master in European Politics.

- Intervention in the Seminar "transnational expertise's worlds" Master in European Politics.


Before 2022:

At the Université Libre de Bruxelles: Master 1 in Law / Law and social movements (2h); Introduction to research in political science (20h), 2nd year of Bachelor's degree ; Contemporary political issues (20h), 1st  year of Bachelor's Degree.

At Sciences Po Aix: Introduction to Political Science (32h), 1st  year of Bachelor's Degree; Specialisation Seminar on the European Union (30h), Master in European Politics ; Press review on European and Euro-Mediterranean issues (30h), Master in European Politics.


Présentation des recherches

My PhD thesis focused on the mobilisations of 'citizen debt audit' groups in France, Spain and Belgium. I analysed how  such activist groups sought to impose themselves as 'citizen-monitors', a role that did not fit with the citizen roles imposed by institutional actors. In my comparison, I studied why activists led to claim this assertive role of citizen, their practices (activism through figures, symbolic uses of law & litigation), their political relations, as well as the way in which their democratic criticisms were perceived by the elected officials and decision-makers they question.

Since the end of my thesis, I have been analysing the supply of citizen participation at the European Union level, by comparing several mechanisms. I question the 'citizen turn' of the EU, by looking back at the genesis and the configurations of actors that have made the idea of citizen participation legitimate on a supranational scale. More specifically, I study several mechanisms, where I question the competing conceptions of citizen participation of the different actors leading such citizen mechanisms & the government of participation on the EU scale.

Travaux sélectionnés

Peer-reviewed articles:

2023 :

  • BAILLY Jessy, 2023, "Reframing the debt crisis in defence of social democracy", Revue internationale de politique comparée, Vol. 29(4) [to be published].
  • BAILLY Jessy, 2023, "Les marges du dicible dans et hors d’un dispositif de participation instituée : les audits citoyens de la dette à Madrid", Participations, [to be published].
  • BAILLY Jessy, 2023, "Contester les finances publiques en justice, mais de quel droit ? Une comparaison de mobilisations citoyennes en France et Espagne", Droit et Société, Vol. 112 [to be published].
  • BAILLY Jessy, 2023, "Légitimité et légalité de la dette publique. Une juridicisation sans judiciarisation du discours annulationniste", special issue in Politique européenne: "Contester ou ordonner les finances publiques par le droit", edited by Benjamin Lemoine & Damien Piron [to be published].

2022 :

2021 :

  • BAILLY Jessy, 2021, "Une épidémie de plaintes en temps de COVID-19 en France, en Espagne et en Belgique", Revue française des affaires sociales, special issue on "Sécurité Sanitaire et réactions au Covid-19", Vol. 2, 2021, p. 37-56.
  • BAILLY Jessy, 2021, "De l’opinion publique aux conceptions démocratiques : Aller saisir l'imaginaire démocratique des citoyens", Annuaire international de justice constitutionnelle, Vol. 36, 2021, p. 719-738.


Chapters :

  • BAILLY Jessy, 2022, "Audit citoyen", in Guillaume Petit et al. (eds.), Dictionnaire critique et interdisciplinaire de la Participation, DicoPart (2nd edition), GIS Démocratie et Participation.


Other publications:


Oral Communications:

2022 :

  • November 23rd-25th, "L’institutionnalisation d’une assemblée citoyenne à l’épreuve de l’Eurocratie", Colloque du GIS Démocratie et Participation, MSH Paris Nord, Saint-Denis.
  • November 4th 2022, “Randomly selected European Citizens’ panels: Could representativeness be detrimental to deliberation?”, Symposium on sortition in politics, University of Liège (Belgium).
  • September 14th 2022, Le tournant citoyenniste de l’Union européenne : une opportunité pour des consultants en participation citoyenne ?, Symposium "Les terrains publics du consulting: métiers, modèles et usages européens", organised by the Research Group on the European Union of the French Political Science Association, Paris (France
  • March 30th-2 April 2nd 2022, “International Organizations and the ‘illegitimate’ debt issue: when IOs deal with a radical claim for socio-economic justice”, Panel - The co-option of critical voices, ISA 2022 Annual Convention, Nashville (Tennessee/United-States).

2021 :

  • August 31st  - 3rd September, "Framing the 2008 crisis: why does the political economy’s vision of activists  matter for sociology of mobilization?", Research Network - Social Movements, 15th Conference of the European Sociological Association 2021, Barcelona (spain).
  • July 7th-9th: "Un enfoque antagonista sobre el municipalismo: La "Red Municipalista contra la Deuda Ilegitima y los Recortes " contra el Ministro Montoro", Grupo de Trabajo 2.3 Lo común y el municipalismo: muros y puentes entre prácticas sociales e institucionalidad pública, coordinated by Anaïs Varo Barranco (Universitat de Girona), XV Congreso de la Asociación Española de Ciencia Política y de Administración.
  • April 7th-9th "Légitimer l’idée de "dette illégitime" : de la construction d’une doctrine politico-économique hétérodoxe", Thematic Section "Contester ou ordonner les finances publiques par le droit – Le déplacement des politiques monétaires, financières et budgétaires sur le terrain juridique" led by Benjamin Lemoine (Université Paris Dauphine) & Damien Piron (Université Catholique de Louvain), Congrès de l’Association Belge de Science Politique, Université Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium).

2020 :

  • August 25th "Comparing Social Movement’s legal mobilization in three European Countries", Section 41 "Law and Courts", Panel "Legal Mobilization: Patterns and Consequences", Chaired by Cordula Tibi Weber (German Institute of Global and Area Studies), Katarina Sipulova (Masaryk University), European Consortium of Political Research, Virtual Event.


Responsabilités :

  • 5-7 July 2022, Coordinator of one Thematic Section “Science as a political vocation in EU polity”, 2022 Congress of the French Political Association, Lille (France)

  • June 2021, “Terrains proches, familiers et ordinaires : les voies de la ‘facilité’ ?”, Colloquium co-organised with Lucas Faure (MESOPOLHIS), Pauline Proboeuf  (OSC/Sciences Po Paris) & Marion Valarcher (OSC/Sciences Po Paris), Aix-en-Provence (France).