Identities, societies, powers in comparison. A qualitative approach to political systems

The end of history hypothesis and the triumph of liberal democracy in the post-Cold War world has been largely contradicted by a series of phenomena: the resurgence of nationalism and the failure of ideologies; the irruption of religion as a major issue; challenges to the traditional modes of representation and authority; the multiplication of conflicts of loyalty and memory; post-war traumas, etc.

This axis of research aims to analyse these transformations and to understand how they modify logics of power, domination, mobilisation, and of living together.  Our goal is to adopt a systemic approach which combines macro and micro perspectives with essentially qualitative methodological tools. The focus is on the ideational dimension: identities, ideologies, representations, symbols, values, memories. These studies take place at the intersection of political sociology, comparative politics, and political theory.

Geographically, our research analyses the European area in all its diversity, with a special emphasis on the EU.  Europe is also approached in its interactions, and in comparison, with other geographic areas, particularly the post-soviet world, the Middle-East, the Americas, and Asia. Our aim is to identify how the following concepts travel, change, and take root: political regime, democracy, legitimation, authoritarianism, populism, secularism, religion, reconciliation, ethnicity, engagement, and disengagement.

Reaserchers involved : ARANTES VirginieCALLIGARO Oriane, DE BARROSMargauxFORET François, GLORIOZOVA Ekatarina, GORON Coraline, LI YingMERLIN Aude, MONDO Émilie, VRYDAGH FannyWINTGENS Sophie, ZAYTSEVA Anna