European integration: redefining communities, sovereignties, and values in conflict

This research axis focuses on the processes of cooperation, identification, and conflict created by European integration and the role they play in the legitimation of the EU as a political entity. Key concepts reframed by European integration such as sovereignty, the rule of law, democracy, or legitimacy are studied through the prism of research projects on values, public policies, communication, and the attitudes, discourses, and strategies of national and supranational political actors.

The role played by values, ideas, and norms as stakes, resources, or obstacles in European politics is analysed within various sectors.

Promoting and defending shared values are means of legitimation of internal and external policies of the EU. These values have multiple interpretations and are invoked both by actors who believe that the EU helps perfect national democracies and by those who consider that it is contributing to their dissolution.  Some studies focus particularly on the conflicts created by the violation of these values, specifically the rule of law, by Member States. Another field of research studies issues of religion, ethics, morals, or science as crystallisation points of the interactions between culture and politics at the transnational level.

Socio-economic and redistribution issues are once more at the heart of European debates. A number of researches examine how the coordination of socio-economic policies is legitimated by political actors through discourses and values that may at times conflict: accountability, austerity, solidarity, social justice, etc. The management of the debt of Member States has led to the emergence of a new political order in which the power relations between weak and strong states are much more salient. Studying the practical functioning and the means of legitimation of these new forms of governance allows us to bring to light the emergence of a post-democratic European federalism.

At the same time, a new opposition to the EU and/or to its policies has become institutionalised and brings different alternatives for "another Europe" along with new authoritarian and populist forms of legitimation. Studies conducted within the Cevipol analyse the attitudes, behaviour, and strategies of these new political entrepreneurs at all levels of the European multi-level governance.

Regarding the EU's external action, studies examine the way in which the "normative power of the EU" is constructed in various national and international institutional settings.  This work focuses particularly on the processes by which these values are appropriated by political and social actors beyond the borders of the EU in a comparative approach with other regions of the world.

Researchers involved : Ana ANDGULADZE, Jessy BAILLY, BEHM Anne-SophieValentin BEHR, BEYER JanFabio BOLZONAR, BONNAMY Céleste, Arthur Borriello , BRACK Nathalie, COMAN Ramona, CRESPY Amandine, FORET FrançoisSeda GÜRKAN, HAMM MarylouRubio LUCRECIA, MARKOVITI MargaritaCamile NESSEL, QUERTON Lara, SBARAGLIA FannyLaura SCHMEER , TOMINI LucaVAN HAUTE ÉmilieVANDER MEULEN JulieJana VARGOVCIKOVA , Maria Chiara VINCIGUERRA,  WINTGENS Sophie